Re-biopsy status among Chinese non-small-cell lung cancer patients who progressed after icotinib therapy

Click here to view original web page at www.dovepress.com

Authors Wang H, Zhang L, Si X, Zhang X, Wang M

Received 14 May 2018

Published 26 October 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 7513—7519

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Peer reviewer comments 3

Hanping Wang, Li Zhang, Xiaoyan Si, Xiaotong Zhang, Mengzhao Wang

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100730, China

Objective: Acquired T790M mutations account for 50%–60% of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-resistant mechanisms in EGFR mutation-positive (m+) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, and re-biopsy is recommended to detect these mutations. We investigated the re-biopsy status and the T790M incidence rate in patients after treatment with icotinib, which is the first-generation EGFR-TKI widely used in China.
Patients and methods: Target patients had EGFRm+NSCLC, who were progressed after icotinib therapy. The primary end point was the re-biopsy rate (number of cases in which re-biopsies were performed successfully/total number of patients progressed after icotinib therapy). Secondary end points included the T790M mutation incidence rate, differences between the first biopsy and re-biopsy, and details of why re-biopsy was not performed in relevant patients.
Results: A total of 77 adenocarcinoma patients were evaluated (median age, 58 years). Tissue re-biopsy was successful in 41 patients (53.2%). Compared with the first biopsy, percutaneous tissue biopsies increased from 51.2% to 70.7% (P=0.008), while bronchoscopy biopsies and the surgical rate decreased from 19.5% to 14.6% (P<0.001) and 17.1% to 7.3% (P<0.001), respectively. Primary lung lesions were more common in the first biopsy than in re-biopsy (80.5% vs 65.9%, P=0.008), but metastatic lesions were more often selected for re-biopsy (14/41 [34.1%], including metastases in the bone, lymph nodes, and liver). The incidence rate of T790M was 56.1% (23/41). The reasons for not performing re-biopsies included lesion sizes and/or locations unsuitable for biopsy (n=17), a positive circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) result (n=3), patient unwillingness (n=7), older age or severe comorbidity (n=4), and poor health (n=5). No severe complications were found.
Conclusion: In this real-world study, the re-biopsy rate was 53.2% and the incidence rate of T790M mutations was 56.1%. Further efforts are needed to increase the re-biopsy rate in patients who progress after icotinib therapy.

Keywords: re-biopsy, T790M mutation, resistant mechanism, EGFR-TKI, icotinib, non-small-cell lung cancer

This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]


Related posts

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.